Time Duration: 1 class period

Unit Title: Drawing/Painting

Lesson Title: Texture

Objectives of Lesson

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

1. Identify actual and simulated texture.

2. Demonstrate understanding of texture by successfully completing activities.

Materials Needed

1. Sketchbook, drawing pencil, and eraser.

2. Objects to make texture rubbings.

3. Pastels, watercolors, buckets of water, and paper towels.

Instructional Procedure with Approximate Time Line

1. Anticipatory Set (5 minutes)

Texture refers to the surface quality, both simulated and actual, of artwork. Techniques used in painting serve to show texture, i.e. the dry brush technique produces a rough simulated quality and heavy application of pigment with brush or other implement produces a rough actual quality. Color and value contrasts also help you "feel" the textures with your eyes.

Textures are all around us in our environment and in nature &emdash; a gravel path, tree bark, a brick, cat’s fur, a burlap sack, or a stucco wall. An owl carved from a rough piece of rock has "tactile" (actual) texture as well.

Interior designers and architects use textural variety to create interest and use fabrics, wood, plaster, metal, glass, paper, plastic, and paint to develop such variety.

Simulated textures (also known as visual textures) occur when smooth painting surfaces (such as paper) appear to be textured. Painting stones in a wall or grasses in a field show texture.

Collages often emphasize textures and the textural contrasts of materials such as papers, fabrics, fibers, wood, paint, and natural objects.


2. Activities (35 minutes)

Activities should be done on separate sketchbook pages, not back to back.

3. Assessment

0 points = Activity not finished or not found. Activity done incorrectly or no title.

5 points = Activity done partly correct. Improve and turn in again.

10 points = Activity correct. Student demonstrates understanding of the concept.


Lesson taken from Elements and Principles of Design posters, Teacher’s Guide, by Crystal Productions.

Palani Williams, Kamehameha Middle School