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Hawaiian Name
Nioi

Common Name
None

Scientific Name
Eugenia sp.

Pictures

Kalama

 

Whole Plant

Leaves

Stem



Location On Campus

The Eugenia koolauensis plant can be found in Kalama Garden.

Natural Habitat

Location in Hawai‘i:

  • Papali Gulch
  • North Fork of Kamananui Stream
  • Regions of Pupukea and Paumalu
  • Northern Ko‘olau Mountains
  • Hawai‘i Loa
  • Aina Haina
  • Southern Eastern Ko‘olau Mountains

Environment/Habitat:

  • Dry gulches
  • Moderately moist forests
  • Frost-free climates
  • Found in shade when in hot areas

Cultural Information

Eugenia koolauensis is endemic to Hawai‘i, which means native to or confined to a certain region.



Plant Description

Stem:

  • Deep reddish-purple in color
  • Woody
  • Grows straight up

Leaves:

  • Broad leaves
  • Glossy
  • Leather-like texture
  • About 2.5-7.5 cm long
  • Compound structure

Flowers:

  • 4 petals
  • 2.5-5 cm
  • White in color

Fruit:

  • Berries
  • Red-orange to almost black in color
  • 2.5/5 cm in diameter
  • Fleshy
  • Edible berries
  • Can be used as jam

Seeds:

  • 1-2 seeds
  • Asymmetrical shape

Propagation/
Cultivation:

  • Seeds may sown in the fall
  • Cuttings may be taken in the summer
  • Propagation by air-layering

Interesting Facts:

  • Belongs to Myrtaceae Family
  • Endangered
  • About 1000 Eugenia plants left


Web Site Links

NatureServe Explorer

You can find more detailed scientific information on the Eugenia koolauensis at NatureServe.

 

References

Center for Plant Conservation. Degener, Author. 2002. Mobot.org. 14 March 2003. <http://ridgwaydb.mobot.org/cpcweb/CPC_ViewProfile.asp?CPCNum=7615>

Eugenia. Botany.com. 2002. Tarragon Lane Ltd. 14 March 2003. <http://www.botany.com/eugenia.html>

Nature Serve. Celia Najera-Dinicola, Web Manager. 2002. Nature Serve. 14 March 2003. <http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/
servlet/NatureServe?searchName=EUGENIA+KOOLAUENSIS>

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Endangered Species. Mitch Snow, Media Services. 24 January 2003. <http://endangered.fws.org/plants3.html>

Warren L., Wagner, and Deeral R. Herbst. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai‘i. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press. 1990.

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