the Hawaiian word for moon. The moon was very important to the
Ancient Hawaiians because it controlled the tides in the ocean.
If the ocean was calm they could go fishing. People would know
when to go fishing because of the different stages of the moon.
On nights when the moon was in a certain phase, people would know
when and what to go fishing for. The moon causes tidal changes
in the ocean, the moon gives us two high tides a day one when
the moon is directly overhead and one when the moon is directly
opposite of us. Some times the moon also was a sign for when fish
were coming in to spawn. The moon also helped farmers, when the
moon was in a certain phase farmers would know when to harvest
a certain plant or when to plant a certain plant. The moon was
also a good source of light before they had the kukui nut
candles.They also used the moon as a calendar
to show when they needed to worship a god. Many believed that
their villages would go into a time of loss if they didn't observe
the moon. To make sure that didn't happen they always went and
gave offerings to the gods. None of this could have happened without
the moon. The moon is the second brightest object in the
sky after the sun. It is Earths only natural satellite. The moon
circles the Earth once every 29.5 days.
This is the story of how Hina came to live
on the moon.
Hina's husband, Aikanaka was home again. He
was not happy. Hina was happy living alone when her son
Maui came to visit. Aikanakawas a fearless warrior
and a bold hunter, but at home he was a teller of tall tales and
hard to please. He would always command to Hina to make
new malo for him and he always commanded her to get fresh
food and water. One day Aikanaka commanded Hina
to get him freshwater shrimp. While in the river a rainbow formed
in front of her. She looked at it longing. She walked to the foot
of the rainbow, took a step, and it held fast. She kept walking,
but the sun beat down on her. She was a goddess, but it was useless
up here. She fell back to earth. Night fell and Hina
left carrying a water calabash and her favorite kapa
board and beater. Aikanaka saw her and chased after her.
A moonbow appeared before Hina and she set foot on it,
but Aikanaka grabbed her ankle and twisted it. Still
climbing in pain, Hina reached the moon.
She still lives there to this day. When thunder
rumbles, it is Hina rolling away the stones that keep
her kapa in place. On full moons you can still see her
resting, with her twisted ankle.
Pali ke kua, mahina ke alo
back as straight as a cliff, face as bright as the moon
said of a good looking person
with the best the sun brings forth and the finest the moon can